Selection of open access publications

Optimal operational planning of scalable DC microgrid with demand response, islanding, and battery degradation cost considerations

Muhammad Fahad Zia, Elhoussin Elbouchikhi, Mohamed Benbouzid, Applied Energy, Volume 237, 1 March 2019, Pages 695-707

 With the advancements in power electronic devices, the increasing use of DC loads, DC renewable generation sources and battery storage systems, and no reactive power and frequency stability issues, DC microgrids are increasingly gaining attention in both academia and industry. In this paper, a grid-connected DC microgrid is considered, which consists of a PV system and a Li-ion battery. DC microgrids optimal operation requires battery degradation cost modeling and demand response incentive for active consumers’ participation to be addressed in detail. Therefore, a practical degradation cost model for a Li-ion battery is developed to optimize battery scheduling and achieve its realistic operational cost. Apart from energy price, scheduled islanding responsive demand response incentive is also introduced to encourage customers to shift load during scheduled grid-tie line maintenance. Levelized cost of energy of PV system is calculated for both hot and cold climate regions. Optimal operation of DC microgrid cannot be achieved without considering nodal voltages and system losses. Hence, network constraints are also included in the proposed model. Extensive numerical simulations are carried out to prove the effectiveness of the proposed approach. The achieved results would aid in DC microgrids adoption planning that would expectedly replace traditional AC grids in the future.

Hygromechanical properties of 3D printed continuous carbon and glass fibre reinforced polyamide composite for outdoor structural applications

G.Chabaud, M.Castro, C.Denoual, A.Le Duigou, Additive Manufacturing, Volume 26, March 2019, Pages 94-105

The additive manufacturing of structural composites is a disruptive technology currently limited by its moderate mechanical properties. Continuous fibre reinforcements have recently been developed to create high performance composites and open up encouraging prospects. However, to increase their use, deeper understanding of the relationship between process and induced properties remains necessary. In addition, to apply these materials to engineering applications, it is of high importance to evaluate the effect of environmental conditions on their mechanical performances, particularly when moisture-sensitive polymer is used (PolyAmide PA for instance) which is currently lacking in the literature.
This present article aims to investigate in more detail the relationship between the process, the mechanical behaviour and the induced properties of continuous carbon and glass fibres reinforced with a polyamide matrix manufactured using a commercial 3D printer. In addition, their hygromechanical behaviour linked to moisture effect is investigated through sorption, hygroexpansion and mechanical properties characterization on a wide range of relative humidity (10–98% Relative Humidity RH).
The printing process induces an original microstructure with multiscale singularities (intra/inter beads porosity and filament loop). Longitudinal tensile performance shows that the reinforcing mechanism is typical of composite laminates for glass and carbon. However, the rather poor transverse properties are not well fitted by the Rule Of Mixture (ROM), thus underlining the specificity of the printing-induced microstructure and an anisotropic behaviour in the material.
Non-negligible (5–6%) moisture uptake is observed at 98% RH, as well as orthotropic hygroscopic expansion of PA/carbon and PA/glass composites. The consequences of various moisture contents on mechanical properties are studied, showing a reduction of PA/carbon stiffness and strength of 25 and 18% in the longitudinal direction and 45 and 70% in the transverse direction. For PA/glass composites, we obtain a reduction in strength of 25% in the longitudinal direction, along with a 80% reduction of stiffness and 45% in strength in the transverse direction. A wetting/drying cycle underlines reversible phenomena in the longitudinal direction and mainly non-reversible degradation in the transverse direction.

Rules for signing IRDL publications

Scientific publications contribute to the influence of research produced within universities. For optimal visibility of the IRDL, it is essential that the signature of publications be constructed according to standardized rules.

The start of IRDL in January 2016 gives us the opportunity to adapt a standardized signature in order to obtain better use of databases (Web of Science, Scopus, etc.) and to strengthen the bibliometric indicators used for international rankings . It is recommended by the Science and Technology Observatory as well as by assessment agencies. The follow-up to these recommendations will allow a better recognition of our work and especially a greater national visibility (without harming our international influence) for the signatures both in the journals and in the conferences.

General rules:

  • The signature in single line mode (by author) must always be preferred,
  • Accents in affiliate names should be avoided,
  • Abbreviations should be preferred (Univ. Instead of University). The term Univ is used because it is short and identical in French and in English,
  • CNRS units are identified by their code and not by their name.
  • Postal codes must be reduced to those of the main city (prefecture or sub-prefecture) and preceded by the letter F for France,
  • The names of the poles and the teams are not used by the bibliometric tools and should not appear.